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Can I Get a Spanish Passport? A Guide for Foreign Nationals

In an era of global mobility, obtaining a Spanish passport has become an aspiration for countless foreign nationals. Whether you seek to embrace the rich cultural heritage, pursue professional opportunities, or simply enjoy the benefits of EU citizenship, this comprehensive guide will illuminate your path to acquiring a Spanish passport. From the intricacies of residency requirements to the nuances of descent-based citizenship, we will delve into the various avenues available to foreign nationals seeking to establish their Spanish citizenship.

Can I Get A Spanish Passport

Key Takeaways:

  • To obtain a Spanish passport, one must acquire Spanish citizenship.

  • There are two paths to Spanish citizenship: naturalization and investment.

  • For naturalization, individuals typically need to reside in Spain for 10 years.

  • Passing two citizenship exams is a requirement for most applicants, except for those from Latin American countries.

  • A clean criminal record and absence from the undesirable individuals list are essential.

  • Valid medical insurance and a health certificate are necessary.

  • Applications can be submitted at the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a local police station or organized online.

  • Required documents include a valid ID, recent photograph, and payment of fees.

Can I Get a Spanish Passport?

Navigating the rules and requirements to obtain a Spanish passport can be daunting. This guide will break down the essentials, assisting you in determining your eligibility and guiding you through the application process.

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for Spanish Citizenship and a Spanish Passport, you need to meet specific criteria:

  • Residency Requirement: Generally, you must reside in Spain for at least 10 years, demonstrating continuous legal residency. The clock starts ticking from the day you obtain your first valid Spanish residency permit.

  • Language Proficiency: Unless you hail from a Latin American country where Spanish is the official language, you’ll be required to demonstrate proficiency by passing two citizenship exams: the DELE (Spanish as a Foreign Language Diploma) and the CCSE (Constitutional and Socio-Cultural Knowledge of Spain). These exams assess your understanding of Spanish language and culture. You need to score at least a B1 level in the DELE exam and pass the CCSE to be eligible for citizenship.

  • Criminal Record: You must maintain a spotless criminal record, free from any convictions in Spain or your country of origin. Being listed as an undesirable individual can also disqualify you.

  • Health Requirements: You’ll need valid medical insurance and present a health certificate issued by an authorized medical professional, confirming you’re free from any contagious diseases or conditions that could pose a public health risk.

Application Process

For a Spanish Passport, you can apply in person at either the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs or your local police station. The following documents are required:

  1. Valid Identification: Bring your original passport and a photocopy.

  2. Recent Photograph: Submit a recent passport-style photograph.

  3. Pay Applicable Fees: Cover the required fees for the passport application and issuance.

  4. Book an Appointment: Arrange an appointment online to visit one of the official passport offices.

  5. Submit Application: Present all the required documents and forms at your appointment.

  6. Track Application Status: Once submitted, you can track the status of your application online using the reference number provided.

Remember, obtaining Spanish Citizenship and a Spanish Passport is a journey that requires patience and attention to detail. Ensure you meet all the eligibility requirements and diligently follow the application process to increase your chances of success.

Spanish Citizenship by Residency

Are you considering the possibility of becoming a Spanish citizen? If so, you might be contemplating the various options available to you, and one that may catch your attention is Spanish citizenship by residency. This article will guide you through the process of acquiring Spanish citizenship through residency, explaining the requirements, documentation needed, and steps involved.

Key Takeaways:

  • To obtain Spanish citizenship by residency, you must reside in Spain for at least 10 years.

  • Have a basic level of Spanish language proficiency (DELE A2) and knowledge of the Spanish Constitution and culture.

  • Pass the required exams, including the CCSE (Constitutional and Socio-Cultural Knowledge of Spain) and the DELE (Spanish language proficiency test).

  • Possess a clean criminal record and provide proof of a stable income and sufficient financial means.

  • Demonstrate integration into Spanish society through social and cultural engagement.

Step 1: Meet the Residency Requirement

To apply for Spanish citizenship by residency, you must have lived in Spain for at least 10 years uninterruptedly. This means you must have been registered with the Spanish authorities (empadronado) and have maintained a permanent address in Spain during that time.

Step 2: Demonstrate Language Proficiency

You’ll need to demonstrate a basic level of Spanish language proficiency by obtaining the DELE A2 certificate. This involves passing an exam that assesses your ability to understand and communicate in Spanish in everyday situations.

Step 3: Pass the Required Exams

In addition to the DELE A2 Spanish language exam, you must also pass the CCSE, which tests your knowledge of the Spanish Constitution and culture.

Step 4: Prove Financial Stability

You’ll need to provide proof of sufficient financial means to support yourself and any dependents without relying on public assistance. This can be through employment, self-employment, or other sources of income.

Step 5: Show Integration into Spanish Society

To demonstrate integration into Spanish society, you may be asked to provide evidence of your participation in cultural or social activities, such as membership in associations, volunteer work, or regular attendance at cultural events.

Step 6: Apply for Citizenship

Once you have fulfilled all the requirements, you can apply for Spanish citizenship by submitting the necessary documentation to the Spanish authorities. You’ll need to complete the application form, provide the required documents, and pay the application fee.

Step 7: Attend the Citizenship Interview

Once your application has been reviewed, you may be called for an interview with the Spanish authorities. This interview is an opportunity for them to assess your knowledge of Spain, your reasons for wanting to become a citizen, and your level of integration into Spanish society.

Step 8: Receive Your Citizenship Resolution

After the interview, the Spanish authorities will make a decision on your citizenship application. If successful, you’ll be issued a resolution granting you Spanish citizenship. You’ll then need to take an oath of allegiance to Spain and obtain your Spanish National Identity Document (DNI).

Throughout this process, seeking professional guidance from an immigration lawyer experienced in Spanish citizenship matters can be invaluable. They can assist you with navigating the legal framework, preparing the necessary documentation, and representing you before the Spanish authorities, increasing your chances of a successful application.


  1. Spanish Citizenship and Passport Requirements

  2. How to apply for a Spanish passport

Spanish Citizenship by Naturalization

If you’ve called Spain home for a decade, you may be eligible for Spanish Citizenship by Naturalization. This path to citizenship offers a straightforward route for long-term residents to become full-fledged Spanish citizens.

Key Takeaways:

  • After residing in Spain for 10 years with a valid residency permit, you can apply for citizenship through naturalization.

  • Having Spanish-born parents, marrying a Spanish citizen, or being a refugee/stateless person are alternative routes to citizenship.

  • To qualify, you must demonstrate integration into Spanish society, have a clean criminal record, and pass a basic Spanish language and culture test.

  • The application process involves submitting documents, paying fees, and attending an interview.

  • Once approved, you’ll receive a Spanish National Identity Document (DNI) and enjoy all the rights and privileges of a Spanish citizen.

Benefits of Spanish Citizenship:

  • EU Citizenship: As a Spanish citizen, you automatically become an EU citizen, granting you the freedom to live, work, and study anywhere within the European Union.

  • Visa-free Travel: Enjoy visa-free travel to over 180 countries worldwide, including the Schengen Area, the UK, and Japan.

  • Healthcare and Education: Access Spain’s high-quality healthcare system and affordable public education for your children.

  • Voting Rights: Participate in local and European elections, exercising your democratic rights as a Spanish citizen.

Requirements for Spanish Citizenship by Naturalization:

  1. Residency: Have legally resided in Spain for at least 10 years, with a continuous and uninterrupted residency permit.

  2. Integration: Demonstrate integration into Spanish society through social, economic, or cultural activities, such as volunteering or joining local associations.

  3. Language Proficiency: Pass the DELE A2 Spanish language test, which assesses your ability to communicate effectively in Spanish.

  4. Cultural Knowledge: Pass the CCSE exam, which tests your understanding of Spanish history, culture, and institutions.

  5. Good Conduct: Have a clean criminal record in Spain and no history of involvement in illegal activities.

  6. Financial Stability: Show proof of sufficient financial means to support yourself and any dependents without relying on public assistance.

Application Process for Spanish Citizenship by Naturalization:

  1. Gather Documents: Collect the required documents, including your passport, residency permit, birth certificate, criminal record certificate, and proof of integration.

  2. Pay Fees: Pay the applicable fees for the citizenship application and the language and culture tests.

  3. Submit Application: Submit your application to the Spanish authorities, either online or in person at the Civil Registry Office.

  4. Attend Interview: Once your application is accepted, you’ll be invited to an interview to assess your integration and language skills.

  5. Receive Resolution: Within a few months, you’ll receive a resolution on your citizenship application. If approved, you’ll be granted Spanish citizenship.

Additional Resources:


Q1: What are the residence requirements for obtaining Spanish Citizenship by Naturalization?

A1: To qualify for Spanish citizenship by naturalization, you must have legally resided in Spain for a continuous period of at least 10 years, and demonstrate integration into Spanish society.

Q2: Who is eligible for Spanish Citizenship by Origin?

A2: Individuals born to Spanish parents or grandparents, or to a Spanish-born parent who later lost their citizenship, are eligible for Spanish citizenship by origin.

Q3: How can I apply for Spanish Citizenship by Marriage?

A3: Foreign nationals married to a Spanish citizen for at least one year may apply for Spanish citizenship through marriage. Evidence of cohabitation and integration into Spanish society is required.

Q4: What are the conditions for Spanish Citizenship by Investment?

A4: To obtain Spanish citizenship through investment, applicants must make a qualifying investment in the Spanish economy, such as a substantial real estate purchase, and fulfill certain other requirements, including residency in Spain.

Can I Get A Spanish Passport

Q5: Are there any language requirements for Spanish Citizenship?

A5: Proficiency in the Spanish language is a requirement for obtaining Spanish citizenship. Applicants must pass the DELE A2 exam, demonstrating their ability to communicate effectively in Spanish.

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